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Moral Dilemmas: An Introduction to Christian Ethics
Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content We have been looking at how moral absolutists understand moral dilemmas. Strengths of this position 1 It has quite a bit of scriptural support for its graded view. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Email required Address never made public.
Understanding Moral Dilemmas 3: Graded Absolutism – The Fight of Faith
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Moral Dilemmas. An Introduction to Christian Ethics. Philip Wogaman. About The Author. More By Author. Steeped in neoliberal development logics that aligned Mexican government agencies with renewable energy corporations, the project threw into sharp relief the fissures between, on the one hand, advocates for renewable energy transitions that would benefit the planet by reducing carbon emissions and, on the other, local community members who opposed the project on the grounds of its impacts on their fishing livelihoods and the lack of free, prior, and informed consent in approving it Howe Much of the surge in anthropological studies of energy is tied to growing concerns about the contribution of energy systems to climate change Rogers b : This precludes understanding the ethical logics at play in those distributed assemblages and hinders our ability to engage with and respond to them.
Almost without exception, anthropological research on energy either presumes or advocates an energy transition.
The editors of the Cultures of energy volume likewise frame anthropology's contribution to energy studies in a highly specific ethical register. We caution that this emphasis on transition casts particular sorts of energy sources and energy futures as good or desirable, leaving little room to understand how people themselves might consider the ethical dimensions of energy. Starting with the premise that the problem of oil is that it has not been made a moral issue — an assertion that other scholars e.
While acknowledging critiques of North Atlantic environmentalists acting imperialistically by imposing their agendas on the Global South 63 , Hughes argues that the grave dangers posed by climate change necessitate such unsavoury interventions. While we do not need to endorse the ethical standpoints of our interlocutors, we do need to be able to understand them on their own terms in order to respond to them.
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She squarely situates her research within her own history as an activist ally for indigenous environmental justice movements. As a whole, the special issue seeks to make multiple interventions into the often unstated ethical paradigms that animate anthropological studies of energy. This pairing unsettles simplistic judgements of fossil fuels as necessarily party to immoral or amoral projects and renewables as the opposite.
It also invites theorization across two energy sources that are usually considered separately. High illustrates how oil and gas exploration is informed by multiple projects and moral ambitions that require analytical attention to broader understandings of agency, responsibility, and devotion. Her essay thus demonstrates how multiple and diverging ethical registers inform the valuation of oil and people's moral ambitions of doing good through oil.
These moral projects give rise to ethical tensions and ambiguities, as they require finding a balance between the gift of humanitarian aid and the logic of market transactions. Cross thus shows that the energy futures envisioned by the solar philanthropists reproduce forms of production and exchange, ownership and property that characterize capitalist economies, including the privileges of race, gender, and class. The next set of essays, by Caura Wood and Jessica Smith, add further complexity to hasty portrayals of morally depraved fossil fuel energy worlds.
Ethical Dilemmas Essay
They highlight the ethics of return that animate oil executives in Canada and coal miners in Wyoming, respectively, as they grapple with the decline of their livelihoods and the erosion of crucial relationships. Wood explores the ethical dilemmas of a Canadian oil and gas company on the verge of insolvency. Attention to the forms and conditions of such disentanglement with insider equity capital in times of loss highlights how ethical registers are at work in the flows of capital and oil. The Wyoming miners who form the basis of Smith's essay have considerably less power to shape energy investments and infrastructures than do the elites studied by High, Cross, and Wood.
The miners lament denunciations of coal energy that cast blame on them rather than on the network as a whole, and call for energy transitions to begin with a recognition of the debts engendered by mutual dependence rather than the current unceremonial end to a long history of exchange. While critiques of energy often focus on conflicts that emerge during production, as discussed earlier, the next set of essays, by Andrew Walsh and Arthur Mason, enter into the ordinary ethics of unexpected but crucial ethical worlds of energy. He argues that charcoal, while good at being a commodity, is never fully alienated because Malagasy keep keen attention to how it links people with matter, markets, and one another — in ways that echo the Wyoming miners, though at smaller and more immediate scales.
He sketches out a broad transformation in the production of energy knowledge provisioning in the Global North, in which the consultants who dole out predictions inside of elite spaces have eclipsed more democratic mechanisms of deliberation and oversight. Penfield's study of gasoline in the everyday lives of indigenous Venezuelan Sanema points to the composite nature of ethics and energy, as the Sanema recognize agency in gasoline itself.
Increasingly drawn into gold mining activities, dilemmas of kinship, the animist world of vengeful spirit masters, and ethically infused rumours of disaster, gasoline is considered a vital but volatile substance to live with. Such an ethics does not depend on a notion of the bounded individual subject, which forms the basis of much anthropological scholarship on ethics. As she notes, careful ethnographic attention to energy dilemmas is urgent and necessary in order to ensure that energy does not become yet another instance of global interventions based on an unquestioned good.
It is an issue around which many vocal and vested voices congregate. This special issue thus calls for attention to an energy ethics that recognizes the multiplicity and diversity, disparity and inequality in life today. It is by attending to and seeking to understand people's own judgements about the place of energy in our entangled lives that we can bring a better world into being.
Volume 25 , Issue S1. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.
If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Original Article Open Access. Mette M. High E-mail address: mmh20 st-andrews. Jessica M. Smith Colorado School of Mines Search for more papers by this author. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access.
Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Figure 1 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. The promise and predicament of critique In anthropology, the use of ethnography to draw critical attention to practices and institutions that readers may take for granted is as old as the discipline itself Hart ; Holbraad : Ackerman, K.
Kirtz , C. Sepp The Green Charcoal chain. Google Scholar.